Year 1882

THE BIRTHS OF…

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France: Germaine Dulac (Germaine Saisset-Schneider)

Germany:

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Franz Hofer

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Karl Valentin

Italy: Gilberto Rossi in Livorno.

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Poland: Samuel Goldwyn (Goldfish) in Warszawa

Russia:

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Louis B. Mayor (Eliezer Mayer) in Minsk – video

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Wladyslaw Starewicz

USA

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Gilbert M Anderson (Max Aaronson) in Pine Bluff, Arkansas (or born 1880)

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John Barrymore (John Blythe) in Philadelphia – video

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Carl Louis Gregory in Walnut, Kansas

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S L (Roxy) Rothapfel

OTHER EVENTS:

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France: Inspired by Muybridge physiolog Étienne Jules Marey studies the flight of birds through a fusil photographique, a mechanism similar to revolving photographique. With Georges Demeny creates the Station physiologique in Paris. They make many chronophotographs.

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Year 1881

THE BIRTHS OF…

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Austria: Hans Otto Lowenstein (Hans Otto) in Oderfurth, Moravia.

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Brazil
: Julio Ferrez in Rio de Janeiro.

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Denmark
: Asta Nielsen in Köpenhamn.

Germany:
Alfred Duskes

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Heinrich Lautensack

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Italy: Gustavo Serena

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Japan
: Masao Inoue

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Poland
: Harry (Hirsch) Warner.

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Russia
: Iakov Protazanov.

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Ukraina
: Henrik Galeen

USA

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Cecil Blount DeMille in Ashfield, Massachusetts.
Cecil B DeMille: American epic

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Francis Ford
(O’Fearna/Feeney)

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W W Hodkinson

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Noble M Johnson

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Marion Leonard

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Nicholas Schenck

OTHER EVENTS:
Chile: Alice Guy moves back to France.

USA
: Muybridge demonstrates Zoopraxiscope, a projcction of moving images, based on still photographs.

Year 1880

THE BIRTHS OF…

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Austria: Joe May

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Canada: Mack Sennett (Michael Sinnott)

Denmark:


Stellan Rye

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Viggo Larsen

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England: F Percy Smith

France:
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Henri Fescourt

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André Heuzé

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Léonce Perret in Niort

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Ireland
: Herbert Brenon in Dublin

Japan: Kobayashi Kisaburo

Russia: Aleksandr Drankow

USA:

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Thomas Harper Ince

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Jesse L Lasky in San Francisco

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Tom Mix (Thomas Hezekiah Mix)

OTHER EVENTS
Victor Sjöström moves to America.

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France: Reynaud developes the Praxinoscope to make it possible to project the moving images. (The one above is from 1882.)

USA
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Amateur photographer George Eastman in Rochester begins producing gelatin dry plates.

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Dec 7: The opening of Salmi Morse’s Passion play in New York City is postponed because of pressure groups.

Dec 12: John L Stoddard presents “Ober-Ammergau’s Passion Play“, an illustrated lecture in New York City.

Year 1879

THE BIRTHS OF…

Denmark:

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Benjamin Christensen

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Urban Gad

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Alfred Lind

France:
Etienne Arnaud

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André Deed (André Chapuis/André de Chapais) in Le Havre

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Germany: Guido Seeber

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Hungary: William Fox

Italy:

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Roméo Bosetti (Romulus Joseph Bosetti) in Lombardy

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Emilio Ghione in Torino

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Poland: Shmuel Gelbfisz (Samuel Goldwyn) in Warszaw

Russia:
Lev Davidovitj Bronstein (Trotskij)
Iosif Vissarionovitj Dzjugasjvili (Stalin)

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Sweden: Victor Sjöström

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Switzerland:  Louis Mercanton in Nyon

USA:

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King Baggot in St Louis, Missouri

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Sid(ney) Grauman

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Will Hays

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Vachel Lindsay

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Lois Weber

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Kathlyn William

OTHER EVENTS
Alice Guy moves to Chile.
Ferrier produces the first photographic film stock.
March 3: A passion play is performed in San Francisco, but they don’t dare to stage the crucifixation.

Year 1878

THE BIRTHS OF…

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Australia: Raymond Longford.

Brazil: Luís Tomás Reis in Alagoinhas, Bahia.

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Denmark: Holger-Madsen.

France:

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Francis Doublier.

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Germany: Eduardo Hirtz in Duisburg.

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Russia: Joseph Schenck.

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Sweden: Charles Magnusson

USA:

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Fred Mace.

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Annabelle Moore.

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Henry B Walthall.

OTHER EVENTS:
France:

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Reynaud develops the Praxinoscope-Théâtre, a more sophisticated version of the Praxinoscope.

Jules Carpentier opens his own workshop in Paris to manufacture electric and photographic equipment and cameras.

USA:

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The Edison Speaking Phonograph Company is founded to market and exhibit the new invention.

The exposure time for still phohotografy is below 1 second.

Eadweard Muybridge is given the assignment, by the former governor of California, to discover a way to photograph the legs of a running horse to find out if, at any given moment, all four legs are off the ground.

 

Year 1877

THE BIRTHS OF…

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Belgium: Alfred Machin.

Brazil: Antônio Campos in Baependi, Minas Gerais.

England: John William Smith, cameraman, filmmaker, technician, dead 1948.

France:
Henri Andréani (Gustave Sarrus) in La Garde-Freinet.

Louis Aubert

Burlingham
Frederick Burlingham.

Comandon
Jean Comandon.

Marcel Levesque
Marcel Levesque.

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Italy: Ricciotto Canudo.

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Japan: Komada Koyo.

Russia:

Vladimir Gardin
Vladimir Gardin.

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Aleksandr Khanzhonkov.

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Sweden: Georg af Klercker.

USA:

Harry Aitken
Harry E Aitken.

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Fred J Balshofer.

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Maurice Costello.

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J Searle Dawley in Del Norte, Colorado.

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William Desmond Taylor.

OTHER EVENTS

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France: Émile Reynaud improves his Praxinoscope by adding mirrors.
9 early animations
Le trapèze
Le fumeur

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USA: Summer: Edison, at Menlo Park, New Jersey, invents a machine that can register and reproduce sound. He calls it the phonograph.
The first words
The original recording
The full version
About the invention